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Minder zout, langer leven, minder infarcten
Datum: 16.03.2016
De potentie van minder zout (natrium) wordt hieronder helder geillustreerd:

Bron: PLoS One. 2015 Mar 31;10(3):e0118873. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118873.
eCollection 2015.

Health gain by salt reduction in europe: a modelling study.

Hendriksen MA(1), van Raaij JM(2), Geleijnse JM(3), Breda J(4), Boshuizen HC(2).

Abstract:

Excessive salt intake is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular
diseases. Salt intake exceeds the World Health Organization population nutrition
goal of 5 grams per day in the European region. We assessed the health impact of
salt reduction in nine European countries (Finland, France, Ireland, Italy,
Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom). Through literature
research we obtained current salt intake and systolic blood pressure levels of
the nine countries. The population health modeling tool DYNAMO-HIA including
country-specific disease data was used to predict the changes in prevalence of
ischemic heart disease and stroke for each country estimating the effect of salt
reduction through its effect on blood pressure levels. A 30% salt reduction would
reduce the prevalence of stroke by 6.4% in Finland to 13.5% in Poland. Ischemic
heart disease would be decreased by 4.1% in Finland to 8.9% in Poland. When salt
intake is reduced to the WHO population nutrient goal, it would reduce the
prevalence of stroke from 10.1% in Finland to 23.1% in Poland. Ischemic heart
disease would decrease by 6.6% in Finland to 15.5% in Poland. The number of
postponed deaths would be 102,100 (0.9%) in France, and 191,300 (2.3%) in Poland.
A reduction of salt intake to 5 grams per day is expected to substantially reduce
the burden of cardiovascular disease and mortality in several European countries.

PMCID: PMC4380413
PMID: 25826317

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